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 * Copyright (C) 2005-2008 by Pieter Palmers
 * This file is part of FFADO
 * FFADO = Free Firewire (pro-)audio drivers for linux
 * FFADO is based upon FreeBoB.
 * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation, either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) version 3 of the License.
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.


#include "debugmodule/debugmodule.h"
#include "libutil/ringbuffer.h"
#include <pthread.h>

//typedef float ffado_timestamp_t;
//#define TIMESTAMP_FORMAT_SPEC "%14.3f"

typedef double ffado_timestamp_t;
#define TIMESTAMP_FORMAT_SPEC "%14.3f"
#define TIMESTAMP_MAX 3145728000.0

// typedef int64_t ffado_timestamp_t;
// #define TIMESTAMP_FORMAT_SPEC "%012lld"

namespace Util

class TimestampedBufferClient;

    * \brief Class implementing a frame buffer that is time-aware
    * This class implements a buffer that is time-aware. Whenever new frames
    * are written to the buffer, the timestamp corresponding to the last frame
    * in the buffer is updated. This allows to calculate the timestamp of any
    * other frame in the buffer.
    * The buffer is a frame buffer, having the following parameters defining
    * it's behaviour:
    * - buff_size: buffer size in frames (setBufferSize())
    * - events_per_frame: the number of events per frame (setEventsPerFrame())
    * - event_size: the storage size of the events (in bytes) (setEventSize())
    * The total size of the buffer (in bytes) is at least
    * buff_size*events_per_frame*event_size.
    * Timestamp tracking is done by requiring that a timestamp is specified every
    * time frames are added to the buffer. In combination with the buffer fill and
    * the frame rate (calculated internally), this allows to calculate the timestamp
    * of any frame in the buffer. In order to initialize the internal data structures,
    * the setNominalRate() and setUpdatePeriod() functions are provided.
    * \note Currently the class only supports fixed size writes of size update_period.
    *       This can change in the future, implementation ideas are already in place.
    * The TimestampedBuffer class is time unit agnostic. It can handle any time unit
    * as long as it fits in a 64 bit unsigned integer. The buffer supports wrapped
    * timestamps using (...).
    * There are two methods of reading and writing to the buffer.
    * The first method uses conventional readFrames() and writeFrames() functions.
    * The second method makes use of the TimestampedBufferClient interface. When a
    * TimestampedBuffer is created, it is required that a TimestampedBufferClient is
    * registered. This client implements the processReadBlock and processWriteBlock
    * functions. These are block processing 'callbacks' that allow zero-copy processing
    * of the buffer contents. In order to initiate block processing, the
    * blockProcessWriteFrames and blockProcessReadFrames functions are provided by
    * TimestampedBuffer.
00089 class TimestampedBuffer
        TimestampedBuffer ( TimestampedBufferClient * );
        virtual ~TimestampedBuffer();

        bool writeDummyFrame();
        bool dropFrames ( unsigned int nbframes );

        bool writeFrames ( unsigned int nbframes, char *data, ffado_timestamp_t ts );
        bool readFrames ( unsigned int nbframes, char *data );

        bool preloadFrames ( unsigned int nbframes, char *data, bool keep_head_ts );

        bool blockProcessWriteFrames ( unsigned int nbframes, ffado_timestamp_t ts );
        bool blockProcessReadFrames ( unsigned int nbframes );

        bool prepare();
        bool clearBuffer();

        bool isEnabled() {return m_enabled;};
        void enable() {m_enabled=true;};
        void disable() {m_enabled=false;};

        bool isTransparent() {return m_transparent;};
        void setTransparent ( bool v ) {m_transparent=v;};

        bool setEventSize ( unsigned int s );
        bool setEventsPerFrame ( unsigned int s );
        bool setBufferSize ( unsigned int s );
        unsigned int getBufferSize() {return m_buffer_size;};

        unsigned int getBytesPerFrame() {return m_bytes_per_frame;};

        bool setWrapValue ( ffado_timestamp_t w );

        unsigned int getBufferFill();
        unsigned int getBufferSpace();

        // timestamp stuff
        int getFrameCounter() {return m_framecounter;};

        void getBufferHeadTimestamp ( ffado_timestamp_t *ts, signed int *fc );
        void getBufferTailTimestamp ( ffado_timestamp_t *ts, signed int *fc );

        void setBufferTailTimestamp ( ffado_timestamp_t new_timestamp );
        void setBufferHeadTimestamp ( ffado_timestamp_t new_timestamp );

        ffado_timestamp_t getTimestampFromTail ( int nframes );
        ffado_timestamp_t getTimestampFromHead ( int nframes );

        // dll stuff
        bool setBandwidth(double bw);
        double getBandwidth();
        bool setNominalRate ( float r );
        float getNominalRate() {return m_nominal_rate;};
        float getRate();
        void setRate(float rate);

        bool setUpdatePeriod ( unsigned int t );
        unsigned int getUpdatePeriod();

        // misc stuff
        void dumpInfo();
        void setVerboseLevel ( int l ) {setDebugLevel ( l );};

        bool resizeBuffer(unsigned int size);

        void decrementFrameCounter(unsigned int nbframes);
        void incrementFrameCounter(unsigned int nbframes, ffado_timestamp_t new_timestamp);
        void resetFrameCounter();


        ffado_ringbuffer_t * m_event_buffer;
        char* m_process_buffer;
        unsigned int m_cluster_size;
        unsigned int m_process_block_size;

        unsigned int m_event_size; // the size of one event
        unsigned int m_events_per_frame; // the number of events in a frame
        unsigned int m_buffer_size; // the number of frames in the buffer
        unsigned int m_bytes_per_frame;
        unsigned int m_bytes_per_buffer;
        bool m_enabled; // you can get frames FIXME: rename!!
        bool m_transparent; // the buffer should hold the frames put in it. if true, discards all frames

        ffado_timestamp_t m_wrap_at; // value to wrap at

        TimestampedBufferClient *m_Client;


        // the framecounter gives the number of frames in the buffer
        signed int m_framecounter;

        // the buffer tail timestamp gives the timestamp of the last frame
        // that was put into the buffer
        ffado_timestamp_t   m_buffer_tail_timestamp;
        ffado_timestamp_t   m_buffer_next_tail_timestamp;

        // this mutex protects the access to the framecounter
        // and the buffer head timestamp.
        pthread_mutex_t m_framecounter_lock;

        // tracking DLL variables
// JMW: try double for this too
//    float m_dll_e2;
        double m_dll_e2;
        float m_dll_b;
        float m_dll_c;

        float m_nominal_rate;
        float calculateRate();
        float m_current_rate;
        unsigned int m_update_period;

    * \brief Interface to be implemented by TimestampedBuffer clients
00212 class TimestampedBufferClient
        TimestampedBufferClient() {};
        virtual ~TimestampedBufferClient() {};

        virtual bool processReadBlock ( char *data, unsigned int nevents, unsigned int offset ) =0;
        virtual bool processWriteBlock ( char *data, unsigned int nevents, unsigned int offset ) =0;


} // end of namespace Util


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